Urological Conditions - Female Urology
Overview
Many urological conditions pertain to both men and women, (other than conditions directly related to gender specific organs). Even though these conditions can be associated with both genders, this section outlines specific topics that can be expanded in definition when pertaining to women.
Cystocele (Fallen Bladder)

A cystocele occurs when the wall between a woman's bladder and her vagina weakens and allows the bladder to droop into the vagina. This condition may cause discomfort and problems with emptying the bladder.

Incontinence is Women

Millions of women experience involuntary loss of urine called urinary incontinence (UI). Some women may lose a few drops of urine while running or coughing. Others may feel a strong, sudden urge to urinate just before losing a large amount of urine. Many women experience both symptoms. UI can be slightly bothersome or totally debilitating. For some women, the risk of public embarrassment keeps them from enjoying many activities with their family and friends. Urine loss can also occur during sexual activity and cause tremendous emotional distress.

Interstitial Cystitis

Both men and women can get IC/PBS, though twice as many women are affected as men. It can occur at any age, but it is most common in middle age. Interstitial cystitis*/painful bladder syndrome (IC/PBS) is one of several conditions that causes bladder pain and a need to urinate frequently and urgently. Some doctors have started using the term bladder pain syndrome (BPS) to describe this condition.

Urinary Tract Infections

A UTI is an infection in the urinary tract. Infections are caused by microbes-organisms too small to be seen without a microscope. Bacteria are the most common cause of UTIs. Normally, bacteria that enter the urinary tract are quickly removed by the body before they cause symptoms. But sometimes bacteria overcome the body's natural defenses and cause infection.
 
Additional Reference Documents (PDFs):

The Urologic Diseases Dictionary  NKUDIC: NIH Publication No. 10-4376 May 2010
Cystocele (Fallen Bladder)  NKUDIC: NIH Publication No. 07-4557 August 2007
Urinary Incontinence in Women  NKUDIC: NIH Publication No. 08-4132 October 2007
Interstitial Cystitis/Painful Bladder Syndrome  NKUDIC: NIH Publication No. 11-3220 September 2011
Urinary Tract Infections - What You Need to Know  NKUDIC: NIH Publication No. 12-6182 December 2011

References:

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH
AND HUMAN SERVICES

National Kidney and Urologic Diseases
Information Clearinghouse (NKUDIC)

National Institutes of Health
NIH Publication No. 07-4557
August 2007
NIH Publication No. 08-4132
October 2007
NIH Publication No. 11-3220
September 2011
NIH Publication No. 12-6182
December 2011

Websites for Additional Information:

AUAFoundation - The Official Foundation of the American Urological Association

NKDEP - National Kidney Disease Education Program

NKUDIC-National Kidney and Urologic Diseases
Information Clearinghouse

National Kidney and Urologic Diseases
Information Clearinghouse (NKUDIC)Kidney and Urologic Diseases A-Z list of Topics and Titles

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